Today, around 289 dolphins are held in captivity in facilities across the EU.
World Day for Captive Dolphins is held annually on 4 July to remember those confined in captivity and others which continue to be taken from the wild to stock zoos, marine parks and aquariums.
Dolphinaria-Free Europe is committed to ending the keeping of cetaceans in captivity across the continent and you can help by pledging your support for our work. By working together, hopefully, one day in the future, Europe’s captive dolphins will be retired to seaside sanctuaries and World Day for Captive Dolphins can be assigned to the history books.
Both whales had lived and performed at Changfeng Ocean World for many years but will now live out the remainder of their lives at the world’s first beluga whale sanctuary which is approximately 32,000 sqm with a depth of up to 10m.
The SEA LIFE Trust Beluga Whale Sanctuary was created in partnership with Dolphinaria-Free Europe members Whale and Dolphin Conservation and is the first of its kind to be created for captive cetaceans. Congratulations to all involved and we are delighted that these whales will now live a life free of performing in more natural conditions.
Although not a direct European situation, Dolphinaria-Free Europe is adding its support to stop a permit application by The Chicago Zoological Society’s Brookfield Zoo to import three bottlenose dolphins from Dolphin Quest Bermuda to Coral World (in the U.S. Virgin Islands) and/or to Brookfield Zoo (in Chicago).
The application put forward lacks precise information on factors that are central to the welfare of these dolphins. Coral World is located in Water Bay, St Thomas – an area so polluted that in 2018 it failed to meet the Clean Water Act standards and deemed unsafe for human swimmers 40% of the time and recently failed this test again by a significant margin. Brookfield Zoo is an indoor tank which would create other problems for dolphins which have spent their first years in a sea pen.
Dolphinaria-Free Europe has contacted the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) expressing our concern over the plans, requesting that the permit to be denied.
Six years ago DFE members, LAV commenced a case against Rimini dolphinarium following reports of mistreatment of their dolphins. Today LAV has announced that the facility’s vet and director has been found guilty of animal abuse.
This is the first sentence of its kind in not only Italy, but Europe, and we very much welcome this move towards better protection for animals facing abuse in marine parks and zoos. Congratulations to our colleagues on bringing this case to court and achieving a successful verdict.
It has been revealed that Vancouver Aquarium plans to export two beluga whales which it owns and are currently held at Marineland, Niagara to L’Oceanogràfic in Valencia, Spain. The Spanish park is owned by Parques Reunidos but managed by Vancouver Aquarium.
Banned from acquiring more cetaceans by the Vancouver Parks Board in 2017, the Aquarium currently holds only one lone dolphin. The two belugas in question were not reported in the 2014 Park Board meetings when the disclosure of whale inventories was imposed on the Vancouver Aquarium, so why has no mention of these animals been made until now? Marineland has also applied for five permits to ship belugas to marine parks in the USA, but the state of the application or the exact facilities are unknown at this point, as both the Fisheries and Marineland has refused to comment.
It can be no coincidence that these moves are being proposed ahead of the final vote in the Canadian Parliament on Bill S-203, which will ban the keeping and breeding of dolphins and whales in captivity in Canada, the result of which is expected within weeks. Bill S-203 bans imports and exports of dolphins and whales with exceptions only for scientific research or “if it is in the best interest” of the animal, this would be judged at the discretion of the Minister. The bill also includes a ‘grandfather clause’ for those animals already in facilities in Canada and permits legitimate research, as well as the rescue of animals in distress.
Margaux Dodds, Campaigns Director for Marine Connection and Chair of Dolphinaria-Free Europe comments; “The fact that Fisheries and Oceans Canada has agreed to allow this export without any public consultation just ahead of this vote is deeply concerning, as is the fact that these whales were never mentioned in previous inventories presented to the Park Board. This surely has to raise the question of whether Vancouver Aquarium does indeed own these belugas or are simply acting as brokers for the transfer of these whales between L’Oceanogràfic and Marineland?”
In the meantime Marineland, which currently holds 1 orca, 5 bottlenose dolphins and 53 beluga whales, in an effort to prove their commitment and position with respect of the whales which they hold and to address issues facing the species in the wild, recently released their Statement of Principles on Whales details of which can be found here.
A new study just published in Marine Mammal Science by Kelly Jaakkola of Dolphin Research Center and Kevin Willis of Minnesota Zoo, compares survival rates and life expectancies for bottlenose dolphins in zoological facilities -v- wild populations.
The study claims that “Survival rates and life expectancies for dolphins in US zoological facilities today are at least as high as those for the wild dolphin populations for which there is comparable data.” This raises the question if, as the public display industry claims, their animals receive the best food, veterinary care and treatment and are removed from threats which their counterparts in the wild face, why are survival rates in captivity not significantly higher than in the wild?
With dolphins and whales in captivity showing signs of stress-related diseases, aggression, abnormal stereotypical behaviour (including gnawing on rails, tank walls/sides and even self-mutilation), it is apparent that evidence of survival does not equal evidence of good welfare or indeed, that facilities are able to adequately meet the complex needs of these marine mammals.